Traya Upastambha or can also called Basic Triads of Health:
The term traya upastambha forms with combination of three words, traya- three, upa- support and stambha- base. So these are the three basic pillars of the body which when are in balance state than provides harmony to the body but otherwise can lead to so many diseased conditions if will get disturbed. Every body is well known about the concept of Panchamahabhootas, the five basic elements of life that constituents our body. The concept and the Principle of Ayurveda also depends on the theory of Panchamahabhoots Our body as well as the entire universe is made up of these basic five elements. None in this entire universe is devoid of these. These are
• Prithvi (the earth)
• Jala (the water)
• Agni (the fire)
• Vayu (the air)
• Aakash (the space)
Equilibrium between these five elements is essential for physiological functions of the body. So, to maintain the equilibrium, the three traids or the basic three pillars of life are of great importance. They are:
Aahara (balanced diet)
Swapna or nidra (sleep)
Aahara or balanced diet:
It literally means the diet that we consume daily. The Aahara consumed is taken in the form of protein, carbohydrates, minerals, fats etc. that are essentials for the growth of body and development. In ayurveda health does not only refer to the physical fitness but also to the sensorial, mental, & spiritual wellbeing. The food taken in is in terms of saatvik, raajasik, & taamsik bhojana. These saatvik, raajasik and taamsik are the psycho elements that effects the mental environment and status. Individuals intellect and mind growth depends upon these three elements. These elements also effects the individuals mood, senses and presence of mind.
All kind of food substances effects the mood, sense in different ways. As the Saatvik bhojan creates a sense of cheerfulness & satisfaction or santosh, the Raajasik bhojan increases anger and ego whereas the Tamasic bhojan causes laziness and depression etc.
So, its very necessary to keep watch sincerely on the things what we eat. We should always eat the things of we can say that our aahara should be comprised with the things that will gives us saatvika effect, as in ayurveda saatvika state of mind and body is considered as the ideal one where as raajsika and taamsika are considered as diseased.
Swapna or Nidra (sleep)
According to ayurveda the state when the mind and body both go to rest, that stage it is said to be asleep. Naturally when the taamoguna afflicts the mind and the kapha dosha get increased in the body, then natural sleep is induced. Behind the development of the mind and body and for the optimum immune system kapha dosha in natural balanced state is necessary. But due to various factors when anger, depression, anxiety, worries etc. get entered the brain then the kapha present in natural balanced state get replaced with vitiated vata dosha with the raajasika guna causes dryness or emaciation in the body. This replacement of kapha with vata leads to diminished sleep or sleep disorder. Lack of proper sleep causes irritation in the mind that ultimately effects the body and health also. On the other hand sleeping for long duration or over sleeping also effects the mind and body by disturbing the whole day routine which results with bad effect on health. So proper, natural and sound sleep is very necessary to maintain health.
Bramhacharya (abstinence or sayyama)
It refers to the state of life when the individuals start refraining from excessive sexuality. This state does not mean a complete sexual abstinence but to indulge in sex such away so as not to have any adverse effect on health.
Ayurveda insists on refraining from sexual activities during early years of life or in academic years. According to ayurveda the life span of an individual in now days is expected maximum upto 100 years. These 100 years are categorised into 4 stages called ashrams. First 25 years are termed as brahamcharaya or Bramhacharya ashram. Ayurveda advocates sexual intercourse after marriage in gruhastha ashram aged between 25-50. excessive indulgence in sexual activities leads to loss of physical strength, memory, lack of vitality, increases irritability and disturbs the normal physiological functions of the body by causing a dis-equilibrium of the three doshas. Ayurveda looks upon sex not merely as fun but as one of the purushartha that means procreation.
These three pillars or stamba should be followed by each and every individual to maintain a healthy and prosperous life. Moreover Ayurveda advocates the principle of “Ati Sarvatra Varjaayet” where Ati means excess of anything in life either it be food, sleep or sex and sarvatra varjaayet means should be always avoided.