Oja in Ayurveda
According to ayurveda there are seven dhatus or tissues in the body. These are rasa, rakta, mamsa, medas, asthi, majja and shukra. The aahara or food which we take after digestion forms these dhatus. When all the dhatus get formed, in the last the essence of these dhatus get formed that is called OJUS or OJA.
Oja is the substance in the body, which gives strength, vigour, vitality, improves immunity power and takes care of well being of the body. It is present throughout the body like ghee exists in the milk or honey exists in the flower.
Basically ojus or oja is present all over the body, but mainly present in the heart or manas. According to ayurveda its quantity is 8 drops.
Oja Swaroop or characteristics features:
These are the various forms or swaroop in which Oja exists:
Snigdha or viscous or watery.
Shuddha, ishat Lohita Peetvarna i.e. transparent, slightly reddish, yellow in colour.
Sarpi Varna or Ghee like appearance.
Laja Gandhi has a smell like laja.
Madhur Rasa has sweet taste
Oja guna or qualities:
Classically oja has 10 qualities
Oja Karma or function:
The function of Oja can be summed up as Dehasthitini bandhanam. This means to maintain the state of good health by nourishing all the body constituents and mind. Moreover, it controls or promotes all the physiological activities and is responsible for lively condition of the body and immunity power of the body. In ayurveda it is believed that life cannot exist without Oja in the body.
Types of oja:
There are two types of oja, Para oja and apara oja.
Para Oja- that prevails all over the body and its quantum is one anjali.
Apara oja- is present in the heart in a quantum of eight bindu (drops). Its appearance is Shudhan (clear or transparent), reddish yellow in colour.
Oja Vikriti (deformity)
the deformities of Oja are of three types:
Excessively eliminated from its normal place byany cause:
Signs and Symptoms:
• Laxicity in muscles, bones and joints
• Lethargy ness in body.
• It also results in the impairment of Kayik (physical), Vachik (vocal) and Mansik (mental) functions of the body.
Oja when get vitiated by doshas then it is Vyapad dosha condition. Signs & Symptoms:
• Heaviness in the body
• Freezing of joints or stiffness like knee joint etc.
• Vatik shofa (swelling due to vata dosha impairment)
• Varna parivartan (discolouration)
• Glani (depression)
• Tandra (drossiness)
• Nidra (sleep).
Deficiency of Oja
Sign & Symptoms:
• Murchha (convulsion)
• Mamsa Kshaya (decrease musculature)
• Moha (pre-coma stage)
• Agyana (loss of senses)
• Pralap (delirium)
• Mrityu (death)