Need of Ayurveda
In the present era life is so hectic and fast that no body has enough time for themselves. If some body get ill, then seek fast and furious recovery to get rid or the problems. For this he or she seeks help from modern medicine system. But as we all know that modern system of medicine concentrates only on the symptomatic approach. Moreover the medicine of modern system has mostly the side effects rather than positive one.
Now days there is a great need of the medical system which overcome the drawbacks of modern medical system as well as provides the holistic approach toward the individual globally. For this Ayurveda is the only system of science available which fulfils all the criteria.
Ayurveda is the ancient Indian system of medicine. Ayurveda comprises of two words Ayu+ Veda. Here Ayu means life and Veda means The science. Thus the science which provides complete knowledge of life that is ayurveda.
While allopathic medicine tends to focus on the management of disease, Ayurveda bestows us with the knowledge of how to prevent disease and how to eliminate its root cause if it does occur.
Core Principles of Ayurveda
The knowledge of Ayurveda was passed orally through a lineage of sages in India until it was documented into text more than five thousand years ago. The oldest known texts on Ayurveda are the Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, and the Ashtanga Hrudaya. These texts shows in detail the affect of five elements found in the cosmic system viz earth, water, air, fire, space on our individual system, and give emphasis of keeping these elements balanced for a hale and healthy life.
According to all the authors of ayurveda the core principle of ayurveda is,
“Swasthsaya swastha rakshanam, aaturasya vikaara prashamnam ch.”
It means, first the health of the healthy person should be restored by all means, butany how if the individual gets any complication then should be treated. Importance is given to restore the healthy health. For this there are mentioned some regimens, in ayurveda. It is mentioned in the texts that the individual who strictly follows these regimens will never get sick. But any how if that individual get some ailment, for him all kind of treatment are available in ayurveda. Regimen mentioned to maintain the health are dincharya, ratricharya, ritucharya, swastvrutta( ideal lifestyle) etc.
For the disease person, in ayurveda there are variety of treatment available. For prolonged and chronic condition of disease in ayurveda there is sodhana chikitsa available, that includes Panchakarma procedure. These are the procedures which are done to remove the toxins from the body and to purify the body internally. Overall panchakarma comprises of major five karma ( procedure). These are :
1. Vamana karma, means induced vomitings. Here the client is made ready to under go this procedure in which some medicine is given orally. After certain time vomiting starts coming, with which the upper part of the abdomen and the chest region gets cleaned. This procedure is mainly for the Kapha related disorders.
2. Virechana karma, means purgation or induced loose motions. This procedure is same as vamana but in place of vomiting loose stools come. This procedure is done for pitta related disorders and especially for lower abdomen and early part of the intestines.
3. Basti karma, means a kind of enema. This procedure is indicated for the vata dosha related disorders or for the purification of lower abdomen including colon part of the intestine to rectal and anal part. In this karma the medicine in the form of medicated oils and decoctions are inserted from the anal route.
4. Nasya karma, means inserting some drops from nasal route. This procedure is specially indicated for the problem belongs to nervous system, ENT system or roughly can say that problem exists above the shoulders. In this karma the client is prepared and the medicine either in liquid form or in powdered form will be inserted through the nose, as it is assumed that nose is the outlet to the brain. It is mentioned in the ayurvedic classics the “Nasa hi shirsho dwaram”, means nasal passage is the route to the brain or nervous system.
5. Rakta mokshana, means blood letting through various means. This is the procedure through which the impure blood will be expelled out from the body. This procedure is indicated in problem where blood gets vitiated like in skin problems, some joint problem conditions where vitiated blood is the causative factor like in gout, etc. Blood letting is done with the help of so many techniques, but very commonly with the help of leeches.
These above mentioned 5 procedures are collectively called as Panchakarma. A part from these main there are so many other procedure which are done in daily routine and which are quite effective in eliminating the toxins from the body. Some of the names are mentioned below:
• Patra potali swedana
• Shastikshali panda swedana
• Kati basti/ janu basti/ greeva basti
• Sarvanga dhara
• Shiro basti
Apart from shodhana chikitsa or panchakarma, ayurveda dealt with shamana chikitsa or oral medication also. For this there are available lot of formulation in the classics, some are herbal, herbomineral or mineral prepared from either plant source, animal source or mineral source. Almost all the preparations mentioned in the classics gives wonderful results without any significant side effects except some mineral or herbo-mineral, especially prepared from the sources like mercury, sulphur, nux vomica etc some times gives negative or fatal effects.
Definition of health according to ayurveda
According to world health organization, initially the definition of health was proposed as, merely the absence of disease from the body is called health. But later on after some years this definition has been changed, and who come up with a new definition, absence of disease not only from the body but also from mind, that condition is called health. After some time again definition get changed. This time WHO come up with the new and the latest definition, i.e. not merely the absence of disease from body and mind but the individual should be happy and healthy physical, mental, social and from all the aspects.
But, according to ayurveda the definition of health was coated in the classics by our great saints about 5000 years ago. The definition of health which WHO proposed now a days resembles with the definition which the ayurveda has give long years back. The definition is:
Saama dossha saama dhatu saama agni mala kriya
Prasana atma indriya manna swastha itbhideeyate
It means, the condition when the doshas, dhatus amd malas are present in the normal state in the body, and all the indriyas ( karma indriya and gyan indriyas), the atma and the mana all are in happy mood means in normal condition, then this is called as Swastha of an individual.