Pancha Mahabhuthas

According to Ayurveda all living and non-living things are constituted by 5 elements in different ratios. According to the ratio difference they differ in constitution, character and properties.

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FIVE ELEMENTS
Elements Essential Auxiliary Related to
Ether (AKASHA) Sound Non-resistance Rarefaction
Air ( VAYU) Touch Vibration Propulsion
Fire (TEJAS) Appearance Heat & Color Conversion
Water (APAS ) Taste Fluidity Degree of Liquidity
Earth (PRITHIVI ) Smell Solidity Density of Particles

 

RELATION OF THE FIVE ELEMENTS
TO THE THREE ENERGY PRINCIPLES IN THE UNIVERSE
STRUCTURE OF UNIVERSE FUNCTIONS IN UNIVERSE
Ether (space) WIND (Principle of propulsion, movement)
Air (motion)
Fire (energy) SUN (Principle of conversion, transformation)
Water (cohesion) MOON (Principle of cooling, cohesion or preservation)
Earth (mass)
Thrigunas

There are three primary qualities, which are omnipresent at work behind all material forms in nature, i.e, Satwa (consciousness or intellect), Rajas (motion or action) and Thamas (inertia or resistance).

Satwa Rajas Thamas
Whatever is pure and illuminating. Inferred as pleasure. Whatever is active, energising & activating. Inferred as pain. Whatever is passive and offers resistance and restraints. Inferred as delusion.

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