According to Ayurveda all living and non-living things are constituted by 5 elements in different ratios. According to the ratio difference they differ in constitution, character and properties.
|CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FIVE ELEMENTS|
|Air ( VAYU)||Touch||Vibration||Propulsion|
|Fire (TEJAS)||Appearance||Heat & Color||Conversion|
|Water (APAS )||Taste||Fluidity||Degree of Liquidity|
|Earth (PRITHIVI )||Smell||Solidity||Density of Particles|
|RELATION OF THE FIVE ELEMENTS
TO THE THREE ENERGY PRINCIPLES IN THE UNIVERSE
|STRUCTURE OF UNIVERSE||FUNCTIONS IN UNIVERSE|
|Ether (space)||WIND||(Principle of propulsion, movement)|
|Fire (energy)||SUN||(Principle of conversion, transformation)|
|Water (cohesion)||MOON||(Principle of cooling, cohesion or preservation)|
There are three primary qualities, which are omnipresent at work behind all material forms in nature, i.e, Satwa (consciousness or intellect), Rajas (motion or action) and Thamas (inertia or resistance).
|Whatever is pure and illuminating. Inferred as pleasure.||Whatever is active, energising & activating. Inferred as pain.||Whatever is passive and offers resistance and restraints. Inferred as delusion.|